How do you identify artifacts?
According to Field & Stream, these are some suggestions for identifying artifacts: In arrowheads and spearheads, look for a clear point and a defined edge and base. Knives and axe heads will have at least one sharp edge, often made by chipping stone away from the piece.
Who can identify artifacts?
If you dont know which category it falls into, start with any one of these three: historian, archaeologist, geologist. Someone who teaches or works in archaeology, history, or geology will likely recognize what category the object falls into, and they may also have an idea on who you could contact next.